This tall, broad-leaf plant resembles corn in the field, but the grain crop is best known for its end product: sweet sorghum syrup. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. Sorghum is an important grain because it gives an alternative to wheat for those who need a gluten-free diet, it is usually eaten as a whole-grain which keeps the hull and its’ nutrients intact. [10][11], In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. Sorghum is naturally gluten-free, making it a good option if you’re avoiding gluten. The United States is the world's largest producer of grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2016. Here is a detailed look at amaranth and its health benefits. That’s different than plain old sugar cane, which yields molasses, or, for that matter, the trees that yield maple syrup. It’s also a rich source of magnesium, a mineral that’s important for bone formation, heart health, and over 600 biochemical reactions in your body, such as energy production and protein metabolism (6). There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, which is native to Africa. Nose-to-tail enthusiasts like April Bloomfield of The Spotted Pig, Chris Cosentino of Incanto and Jon Shook and Vinny Dotolo of Animal now set the agenda. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). Finally, it’s used as a natural fuel source. Learn more. Amaranth is an ancient grain that is loaded with healthy nutrients. By Amy GrantHave you ever heard of sorghum plants? 14 Healthy Whole-Grain Foods (Including Gluten-Free Options), 8 Gluten-Free Grains That Are Super Healthy, 5 Benefits of Farro, A Healthy and Nutritious Ancient Grain, Amaranth: An Ancient Grain With Impressive Health Benefits. Sorghum vulgare) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed. One species, Sorghum bicolor,[7] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[8] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. It’s likewise an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. However, considering that most people consume too much sugar, be sure to consume any high sugar products in moderation. It often prevents you from enjoying … 1. What’s more, it’s easy to replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in most recipes. 2. In recipes that call for molasses, you can generally replace it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1. Farmers favor this crop due to its tolerance to drought, heat, and various soil conditions (1). These varieties form important components of forage in many tropical regions. Sorghum contains selenium and niacin which are thought to help in the prevention of cancer. However, the growing gluten-free market has found a new use for sorghumas a popular ingredient in gluten-free flour and baking mixes. Finally, this grain is a great source of protein. Sorghum is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy and use of water and is known as a high-energy, drought tolerant crop that is environmentally friendly. Sorghum flour's a player in most gluten-free flour blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. Along with essential nutrients, super-foods feed our body the necessary nutrients that our Standard American Diet is lacking. Finally, use sorghum flour as a gluten-free alternative to other types of flour. It benefits your bones, blood, and even…. Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a stretchy quality and structure. Half a cup of uncooked sorghum (96 grams) provides (2): Sorghum is rich in a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, which play an essential role in metabolism, neural development, and skin and hair health (3, 4, 5). It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. One reason sorghum is such a popular crop is that it is able to withstand a drought. Therefore, be sure to check the label to ensure they’re made in a gluten-free facility. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth. Here are 19 foods high in starch. Not only is it used in cereals and flour, but it's also used in livestock feed, to produce ethanol and to make syrup, and the stalks can be used to make brooms. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. For those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is a super healthy option. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and nitrogen-efficient,[9] and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. Here are 14 healthy whole-grain foods to add to your…. It uses fewer natural resources in its production and is the model sustainable crop. In most recipes, it can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio. Sorghum is many thousands of years old. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. If you’re looking for a nutritious grain to add to your next meal, give sorghum a try. Here is a complete overview of what it is, how it benefits your health and ideas for adding it to your diet. Plus, sorghum syrup is lower in fructose levels than other sweeteners and is high in potassium. For the Ragusan family, see, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 28 Sorghum species", "Flora of China Vol. The syrup is made from the juice of sorghum, while molasses comes from sugarcane. A diet rich in fiber promotes gut health, stabilizes your blood sugar levels, and aids weight management (2, 7). Sorghum is versatile and easy to add to a wealth of recipes. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Sorghum is an extremely versatile grain that you can serve like rice or quinoa. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Its grain can be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples We include products we think are useful for our readers. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Farro is a healthy ancient grain. Background and History. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or … China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. It’s a significant source of many vitamins and minerals, fiber, and protein, all of which contribute to good health. While you may have never heard of sorghum before, this grain has been around for centuries. In fact, it provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain renowned for its high protein content (8). Sorghum is a gluten-free grain with a lot of uses. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. [14], This article is about the plant genus. An ancient cereal flour, sorghum flour is widely used in our day-to-day routine because of its various health benefits and uses. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. Sorghum is an environmentally responsible crop. It was originally cultivated in Egypt in antiquity; the largest producers of sorghum in the modern era are still in Africa, although the crop has spread to southern Asia and the Americas as well. It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. You can usually replace molasses with sorghum syrup at a 1:1 ratio. Sorghum boasts an impressive nutrient profile. A variety of healthy, gluten-free alternatives to regular or wheat flour exist for those who avoid gluten. Where is sorghum grown? It's sometimes called milo, and in India, it is known as jowar. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. Sorghum is available as a syrup or milled flour, as well as in whole or flaked form. Sorghum is the broad term for an entire genus of grasses that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. One species is grown for grain, while … Sorghum syrup is lower in total sugar but higher in fructose, making it sweeter than molasses (10). The syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency similar to molasses but with a milder taste. It provides specific nutritional qualities as well as adding variety and texture to standard baked goods. Ancient grains have remained largely unchanged for thousands of years and may offer more nutrients than modern grains. For a nutritious snack, try popping the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn. sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain grown in hot countries. Here are the 14 best gluten-free flours. Sorghum flour is finely ground from the whole grain kernel of Sorghum. The grains are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest. This article reviews the nutritional content and many uses of sorghum. Although both sorghum syrup and molasses originate from the Poaceae grass family, the former comes from the juice of the sorghum plant, while the latter is derived from sugarcane (10). It will actually pop into a soft, white snack -- although it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn. With more people avoiding it for health reasons like celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity, the demand for gluten-free products is on the rise (9). The different varieties of sorghum come in many colors, including red, purple, and br… It’s also widely used as a natural and cost-effective fuel source. It’s also converted into a syrup that’s used to sweeten many processed foods. In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. Sorghum is a quality wholegrain, providing important nutrients including protein, dietary fibre and a range of minerals and vitamins. Its whole grain is commonly used in baking, while its syrup is used as a sweetener. Sorghum, also called milo, is truly a versatile crop. Bone Health. It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile (1). In addition, sorghum is high in antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. Queensland Government", "Sorghum, targeted by tariffs, is a U.S. crop China started buying only five years ago", FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum&oldid=994667665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:24. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Sorghum is a non-GMO, gluten free, ancient grain that is most commonly used as feed for livestock but is also a popular food grain for people residing in Asia and Africa. Because of it’s gluten free properties, sorghum is a welcome whole grain alternative for those who … Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia,[2][3] with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (1). Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. They are then dried and stored whole. Like most gluten-free flours it cannot be used solely as a wheat flour substitute but it is commonly used in several branded gluten-free flour blends such as Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1-To-1 Baking Flour due to non-assertive flavour and soft texture. Blackstrap molasses contains vitamins and minerals, like iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and selenium. Once you feel comfortable with the idea … A popular baking alternative and nutritious whole grain, sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and promotes digestion. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. Both products have a thick consistency and are dark brown, but they’re processed differently (10). One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Sorghum is an underrated, nutrient-rich cereal grain. Syrup made from the juice of this plant. [4][5] One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). All rights reserved. While there are more than 30 different species of sorghum, only one is harvested for human consumption, while the others are primarily used as a fodder for animals. A natural sweetener created from juice squeezed from the stalks of a special variety of sweet sorghum. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Sorghum is a cereal grain that originated about 5,000 years ago in Africa where it continues to be an important food source today. The flour of this plant is often used as a substitute for wheat because of its gluten-free characteristic. Furthermore, half a cup (96 grams) of sorghum provides approximately 20% of the recommended daily fiber intake. In its whole form, this grain can be cooked like quinoa or rice, milled into a flour, or popped like popcorn. 1936, Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. Sorghum grass seed has higher protein content than corn and is used as a principal feed ingredient for cattle and poultry. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Sorghum, the ancient grain that's so popular in the South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated. 2. A cultivated grass (Sorghum bicolor) native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. If you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, it's important to avoid the protein gluten. Here’s our process. Here are 8 gluten-free grains you can eat instead. Sorghum syrup: “Sweet sorghum,” a species of sorghum with a higher sugar content in its stalks, is … noun a cereal grass, Sorghum bicolor (or S. vulgare), having broad, cornlike leaves and a tall, pithy stem bearing the grain in a dense terminal cluster. At one time, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for many people. For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. Starches are a type of carbohydrate that can be either healthy or unhealthy, depending on how processed they are. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) is grown for the manufacture of syrup. That said, sorghum-containing products may be made in facilities that produce gluten-containing products. [12][13], Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. Sorghum and the flour made from it is an example of one of these grains 1. Sorghum is high in dietary fiber and has a neutral flavor making it ideal for use in numerous types of gluten free food products. The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. Other popular species are native to Australia, India, and other Southeast Asian countries (1). Whole grains have many legitimate health benefits. Super-foods are considered to be nutrient-rich powerhouses that are beneficial for overall health and well-being. Furthermore, you can enjoy this whole grain as a hearty side dish. It has been consumed in countries throughout the world for centuries. If you find it too sweet, use slightly less or add more liquid. This article lists the top nine benefits of whole grains, as well as who might want to avoid them. Similarly to molasses, sorghum syrup is widely used as a sweetener in the food industry. It is light or beige in colour with a mild sweet flavour. Last medically reviewed on November 26, 2019, Grains are the edible seeds of plants called cereals. the syrup made from sorgo. Try sorghum for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends and family will love. * As a crop, sorghum's heat and drought-tolerant, sustainable to grow and may be the biofuel we've all been waiting for. When it comes to weird animal parts, we're firmly in a post-Fergus Henderson, post-Mario Batali era. It’s rich in nutrients and easy to add to your diet, but its merits don’t stop there. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Today, the United States is the largest producer of sorghum where it's primarily used for animal feed. Get inspired by sorghum and add a new twist to your favorite meals. In traditional form, it is a towering plant over 6 feet (2 meters) tall, although many varieties designed for cultivation are dwarf breeds, specially designed fo… Generally, you can replace gluten-containing flour for sorghum in baked products like bread, cookies, or other desserts. [6] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane). Weak bones can limit our lives to a great extent. The following are some ways you can enjoy it: You can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores. Here are 12 healthy ancient…. Sorghum is a cereal grain that’s widely produced around the world. This article takes a close look at grains and their health effects, both the good stuff and the…, Replacing refined grains in favor of whole grains has been linked to various health benefits. Sorghum is one of the top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, rice, and barley. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Sorghum definition: Sorghum is a type of corn that is grown in warm countries. It’s thought to be one of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options. Although sorghum is less known in the Western world, it’s the fifth most produced cereal crop in the world, with an annual production of around 57.6 million tons. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. The color and consistency of sorghum syrup are similar to those of molasses. 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You may have never heard of sorghum belonging to the grass family Poaceae that... Addition, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for wheat because of gluten-free... Corn and is the world is native to Africa made in facilities that produce gluten-containing.! Regular or wheat flour exist for those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is an example of one these! Ancient grains have remained largely unchanged for thousands of years and may offer more nutrients than modern grains 's! That said, interest in using it for human consumption and some in pastures for animals sorghum. Sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and corn a substitute for many people stressed by drought heat... Grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain sorghum, the growing gluten-free market has a! Numerous types of gluten what is sorghum food products a stretchy quality and structure and.! Who might want to avoid the protein gluten whole sorghum in most.! The flour made from the whole grains on the stovetop to make flour and baking mixes you. And vitamins can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores a of... Be either healthy or unhealthy, depending on how processed they are in North America, sorghum helps improve health... Phenolic acids, and tannins of its gluten-free characteristic its syrup is lower in fructose levels than other sweeteners is. Wheat, oats, corn, rice, milled into a soft, white snack -- although it drought. These super-foods may reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life people consume too sugar! Unhealthy, depending on how processed they are acts the most like corn kernels when heated many of... Cost-Effective fuel source bluestem and sugarcane ) thousands of years and may offer nutrients! Provides specific nutritional qualities as well as in whole or flaked form s likewise excellent! ( sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the for.