Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). Image: LEARNZ. The response was called 'a genuine triumph of organisation'. Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. Many of the deaths were caused by fallen parapets and ornamental features as people rushed out through the doorways onto the street (McGregor, 1998). (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. On 4 February a planned evacuation began. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. The Napier Earthquake Of 1931 The Napier Earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst earthquake in New zealand's history and it's grisly toll. Small service lanes running "up the back of city blocks" (NCC 138) provided off-street loading zones and a location for "sewers and stormwater services" (ibid.). It lasted for 2 and a half minutes and measured 7.8 on the Richter scale. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). NAPIER AFTER THE 1931 EARTHQUAKE. Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. On the same day the army set up a tent camp for 2500 people. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). 5. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake â¦ See more ideas about Earthquake, Hawke's bay, Bay. Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on the boat, but saw the wharf shaking and houses and other buildings crumbling down. The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawkeâs Bay for almost three minutes. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an eâ¦ All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. With Barton acting as chief administrator and town planner and Campbell in charge of engineering works, Napier would be under their control until the election of a new Borough Council on 15 May, 1933 (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). Events 3 February The morning of Tuesday, February 3rd 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier. Fires were everywhere" (NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001:77). 50 THE AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS. EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKEâS BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. Occupying the entire block between Hastings and Market Streets on the southern side of Tennyson Street, the new building was seen as "a statement of faith in Napier's future" (McGregor, 1998:40). Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. It was a typical summer morning in this town noted for its long hours of sunshine. The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. The Mayor of Palmerston North advised the newly formed Napier Citizens' Control Committee that his borough would house 5,000 in a relief centre. Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the Kingâs Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). â¦ Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga â Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. Nevertheless, it gave me a feeling of insecurity and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood. - Before and After). A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. Information contained has been assembled in good faith. Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. The act provided loans for companies (excepting national companies or those with head offices outside Hawke's Bay) and individuals, to assist them to rebuild. 200. However, there are 258 names on the earthquake memorial in Napier. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire.